“And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if Thou wilt forgive their sin–; and if not, blot me, I pray Thee, out of Thy book which Thou hast written. And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against Me, him will I blot out of My book. Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, Mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them. And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.” Exodus 32:31-35 (KJV)
Moses had been on the Mount receiving instructions of the worship of God for the people of Israel. They had previously received the Ten Commandments in word, having heard the voice of God speaking to them in Exodus 20.
The first Commandment is, “You shall have no other gods before Me”. The second is “You shall not make for yourself any graven image…”, and that is exactly what Aaron and the people had done. They had disobeyed God the LORD of all glory. They, by making the golden calf, had separated themselves from the worship of YaHWeH. They transgressed the law of God.
Moses, the man of God, the prophet of the Law of God, prays that if someone is to perish for their sin, “…Blot me, I pray Thee out of Thy book which Thou has written”. It is apparent from God’s response that no one is responsible for the payment of sin except the one committing the transgression.
There is the promise of God that “Mine Angel shall go before thee…”, but there is still a visitation of judgment that must be made upon sin.
God has not, nor will He ever forsake His people; but Oh how His people have forsaken Him. Yet, He is merciful. He is forever with us.
We are the ones responsible for our own sin debt, but God has provided a Substitute who has paid the price, by becoming “sin for us that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him” (2 Corinthians 5:21). The name of that Substitute is Jesus Christ, the Son of God.